《红楼梦》的机器翻译研究
loejfgigjgldf 发布于2019-01 浏览:14200 回复:105
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本帖旨在做《红楼梦》的机器翻译研究的进度跟新,《红楼梦》作为中国四大名著之最,虽然已经有霍克斯和杨宪益两个版本的翻译书籍,但是这两个版本的译文中使用了大量的文学文笔,并不能很直白的对《红楼梦》原著进行解读,而且《红楼梦》原著属于文言文形式的文本,不太利于机器翻译的研究,所以本帖的任务过程是先结合霍克斯和杨宪益两个版本的译文与原文进行修正和梳理,得到一个直观的译文,然后将文言文文本翻译成白话文,虽然已经有了苟守庆版本的《白话全本红楼梦》,但这个内容将《红楼梦》原著更改了太多,不适合这个任务。

《红楼梦》原文与译文网盘链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1whtwnCFB7S7x8dxhfg-IsQ

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共105条回复 最后由荒墨丶迷失回复于2019-03
#96loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

401
但他那等荣耀,我们不便去认他,故越发生疏了。
402
休这样说。
403
如今的这荣、宁两府,也都萧索了。
404
不比先时的光景!
405
当日宁荣两宅人口也极多。
406
如何便萧索了呢?
407
说来也话长。
408
去岁我到金陵时,因欲游览六朝遗迹,那日进了石头城,从他宅门前经过。
409
街东是宁国府,街西是荣国府,二宅相连,竟将大半条街占了。
410
大门外虽冷落无人,隔着围墙一望,里面厅殿楼阁也还都峥嵘轩峻,就是后边一带花园里,树木山石,也都还有葱蔚洇润之气。
411
那里象个衰败之家?
412
亏你是进士出身,原来不通。
413
古人有言:百足之虫,死而不僵。
414
如今虽说不似先年那样兴盛,较之平常仕宦之家,到底气象不同。
415
如今人口日多,事务日盛,主仆上下都是安富尊荣,运筹谋画的竟无一个。
416
那日用排场,又不能将就省俭。
417
如今外面的架子虽没很倒,内囊却也尽上来了。
418
这也是小事。
419
谁知这样钟鸣鼎食的人家儿,如今养的儿孙,竟一代不如一代了!
420
这样诗礼之家,岂有不善教育之理?

1
#95loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

381
He was good enough to ask me to stay.
382
I've no urgent business I'm breaking my journey for a couple of days.
383
I shall go on about the middle of the month.
384
My friend's busy today, so I came out for a stroll and stopped here to rest.
385
I'd no idea I'd run into you like this.”
386
He made Yucun sit down at his table and ordered more food and wine.
387
Drinking slowly, they spoke of all they had done since parting.
388
Is there any news from the capital?
389
Nothing much.
390
But something rather curious has happened in the house of one of your noble kinsmen.
391
I've no kinsmen in the capital.
392
Who do you mean?
393
You have the same surname even if you don't belong to the same clan.
394
Yucun asked to whom he alluded.
395
The Jia family of the Rong Mansion. You needn't be ashamed of the connection.
396
Oh, that family.
397
To tell the truth, our clan is a very large one.
398
Since the time of Jia Fu of the Eastern Han Dynasty its branches have multiplied until now you find Jias in every province.
399
Impossible to keep track of them all.
400
The Rong branch and mine are, however, on the same clan register.

1
#94loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

381
承他的情,留我多住两日。
382
我也无甚紧事,且盘桓两日。
383
待月半时也就起身了。
384
今日敝友有事,我因闲走到此。
385
不期这样巧遇!
386
一面说一面让雨村同席坐了,另整上酒肴来。
387
二人闲谈慢饮,叙些别后之事。
388
近日都中可有新闻没有?
389
倒没有什么新闻。
390
倒是老先生的贵同宗家出了一件小小的异事。
391
弟族中无人在都。
392
何谈及此?
393
你们同姓,岂非一族?
394
雨村问:是谁家?
395
荣国贾府中,可也不玷辱老先生的门楣了!
396
原来是他家。
397
若论起来,寒族人丁却自不少。
398
东汉贾复以来,支派繁盛,各省皆有。
399
谁能逐细考查?
400
若论荣国一支,却是同谱。

1
#93loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

361
A placard above the gate bore the inscription: Temple of Perspicacity.
362
And flanking the gate were two mouldering boards with the couplet:
363
Though plenty was left after death, he forgot to hold his hand back;
364
Only at the end of the road does one think of turning on to the right track.
365
Trite as the language is, this couplet has deep significance.
366
I've never come across anything like it in all the famous temples I've visited.
367
There may be a story behind it of someone who has tasted the bitterness of life, some repentant sinner.
368
I'll go in and ask.
369
But inside he found only a doddering old monk cooking gruel.
370
Not very impressed, Yucun casually asked him a few questions.
371
The man proved to be deaf as well as dim-witted, for his mumbled answers were quite irrelevant.
372
Yucun went out again in disgust and decided to improve the occasion by drinking a few cups in a village tavern.
373
He had scarcely set foot inside the door when one of the men who was drinking there rose to his feet and accosted him with a laugh.
374
Fancy meeting you here!
375
It was Leng Zixing, a curio-dealer whom he had met in the capital.
376
Yucun admired his enterprise and ability while Zixing was eager to cultivate one of the literati, they had hit it off well together and become good friends.
377
When did you arrive, brother?
378
I'd no idea you were in these parts.
379
What a coincidence, meeting you here.
380
I went home at the end of last year and stopped here on my way back to the capital to look up an old friend.

1
#92loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

361
有额题曰:智通寺。
362
门旁又有一副旧破的对联云:
363
身后有馀忘缩手;
364
眼前无路想回头。
365
这两句文虽甚浅,其意则深。
366
也曾游过些名山大刹,倒不曾见过这话头。
367
其中想必有个翻过筋斗来的也未可知。
368
何不进去一访。
369
走入看时,只有一个龙钟老僧在那里煮粥。
370
雨村见了,却不在意,及至问他两句话。
371
那老僧既聋且昏,又齿落舌钝,所答非所问。
372
雨村不耐烦,仍退出来,意欲到那村肆中沽饮三杯,以助野趣。
373
刚入肆门,只见座上吃酒之客有一人起身大笑。
374
奇遇,奇遇!
375
此人是都中古董行中贸易姓冷号子兴的,旧日在都相识。
376
雨村最赞这冷子兴是个有作为大本领的人,这子兴又借雨村斯文之名,故二人最相投契。
377
老兄何日到此?
378
弟竟不知。
379
今日偶遇,真奇缘也。
380
去年岁底到家,今因还要入都,从此顺路找个敝友说一句话。

1
#91loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02
#90 荒墨丶迷失回复
加油 坚持不错~

谢谢

0
#90荒墨丶迷失回复于2019-02
#89 loejfgigjgldf回复
341 He himself however, had made his career through the examinations, for his family was cultured as well as noble. 342 Unfortunately it was not prolific, although several branches existed, and Lin Ruhai had cousins but no brothers or sisters. 343 Now he was in his forties and his only son had died at the age of three the previous year. 344 He had several concubines but fate had not granted him another son, and he could not remedy this. 345 By his wife, he had a daughter Daiyu just five years old. 346 Both parents loved her dearly. 347 And because she was as intelligent as she was pretty, they decided to give her a good education to make up for their lack of a son and help them forget their loss. 348 Yucun had caught a chill which laid him up in his inn for a month and more. 349 Exhausted by his illness, and short of funds, he was searching for somewhere to recuperate. 350 Fortunately he had two old friends here who knew that the Sale Commissioner was looking for a tutor. 351 Upon their recommendation Yucun was given the post, which provided the security he needed. 352 He was lucky, too, to have as pupil only one small girl accompanied by two maids. 353 Since the child was so delicate, her lessons were irregular and this meant that his duties were light. 354 In a twinkling another year went by and then his pupil's mother unexpectedly fell ill and died. 355 The little girl attended her during her illness and then went into strict mourning. 356 Recently, grief had brought about a relapse in the delicate child's health, and for days at a time she had to abandon her studies. 357 Then Yucun, finding time hang heavy on his hands, used to take a walk after his meals when the weather was fine. 358 One day he strolled to the outskirts of the city to enjoy the countryside. 359 He came to luxuriant woods and bamboo groves set among hills and interlaced by streams, with a temple half hidden among the foliage. 360 The entrance was in ruins, the walls were crumbling.
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加油 坚持不错~

1
#89loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

341
He himself however, had made his career through the examinations, for his family was cultured as well as noble.
342
Unfortunately it was not prolific, although several branches existed, and Lin Ruhai had cousins but no brothers or sisters.
343
Now he was in his forties and his only son had died at the age of three the previous year.
344
He had several concubines but fate had not granted him another son, and he could not remedy this.
345
By his wife, he had a daughter Daiyu just five years old.
346
Both parents loved her dearly.
347
And because she was as intelligent as she was pretty, they decided to give her a good education to make up for their lack of a son and help them forget their loss.
348
Yucun had caught a chill which laid him up in his inn for a month and more.
349
Exhausted by his illness, and short of funds, he was searching for somewhere to recuperate.
350
Fortunately he had two old friends here who knew that the Sale Commissioner was looking for a tutor.
351
Upon their recommendation Yucun was given the post, which provided the security he needed.
352
He was lucky, too, to have as pupil only one small girl accompanied by two maids.
353
Since the child was so delicate, her lessons were irregular and this meant that his duties were light.
354
In a twinkling another year went by and then his pupil's mother unexpectedly fell ill and died.
355
The little girl attended her during her illness and then went into strict mourning.
356
Recently, grief had brought about a relapse in the delicate child's health, and for days at a time she had to abandon her studies.
357
Then Yucun, finding time hang heavy on his hands, used to take a walk after his meals when the weather was fine.
358
One day he strolled to the outskirts of the city to enjoy the countryside.
359
He came to luxuriant woods and bamboo groves set among hills and interlaced by streams, with a temple half hidden among the foliage.
360
The entrance was in ruins, the walls were crumbling.

1
#88loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

341
到了如海便从科第出身。虽系世禄之家,却是书香之族。
342
只可惜这林家支庶不盛,人丁有限,虽有几门,却与如海俱是堂族,没甚亲支嫡派的。
343
今如海年已五十,只有一个三岁之子,又于去岁亡了。
344
虽有几房姬妾,奈命中无子,亦无可如何之事。
345
只嫡妻生得一女,乳名黛玉,年方五岁。
346
夫妻爱之如掌上明珠。
347
见他生得聪明俊秀,也欲使他识几个字,不过假充养子,聊解膝下荒凉之叹。
348
贾雨村在旅店偶感风寒。
349
愈后又因盘费不继,正欲得一个居停之所以为息肩之地。
350
偶遇两个旧友认得新盐政,知他正要请一西席教训女儿。
351
遂将雨村荐进衙门去。
352
这女学生年纪幼小,其馀不过两个伴读丫鬟。
353
身体又弱,工课不限多寡,故雨村十分省力。
354
看看又是一载有馀,不料女学生之母贾氏夫人一病而亡。
355
女学生奉侍汤药,守丧尽礼,过于哀痛。
356
素本怯弱,因此旧病复发,有好些时不曾上学。
357
雨村闲居无聊,每当风日晴和,饭后便出来闲步。
358
这一日偶至郊外,意欲赏鉴那村野风光。
359
信步至一山环水漩、茂林修竹之处,隐隐有座庙宇。
360
门巷倾颓,墙垣剥落。

1
#87loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

1
#86loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

321
又封百金赠与封肃,又送甄家娘子许多礼物,令其且自过活,以待访寻女儿下落。
322
却说娇杏那丫头便是当年回顾雨村的,因偶然一看便弄出这段奇缘,也是意想不到之事。
323
只一年便生一子,又半载雨村嫡配忽染疾下世,雨村便将他扶作正室夫人。
324
原来雨村因那年士隐赠银之后,他于十六日便起身赴京。
325
大比之期,十分得意,中了进士,选入外班
326
今已升了本县太爷。
327
虽才干优长,未免贪酷,且恃才侮上,那同寅皆侧目而视。
328
不上一年,便被上司参了一本。
329
貌似有才,性实狡猾,又题了一两件徇庇蠹役、交结乡绅之事。
330
龙颜大怒,即命革职。
331
部文一到,本府各官无不喜悦。
332
那雨村虽十分惭恨,面上却全无一点怨色,仍是嘻笑自若。
333
交代过了公事,将历年所积的宦囊,并家属人等,送至原籍安顿妥当了。
334
却自己担风袖月,游览天下胜迹。
335
那日偶又游至维扬地方,闻得今年盐政点的是林如海。
336
表字如海,乃是前科的探花,今已升兰台寺大夫。
337
本贯姑苏人氏,今钦点为巡盐御史。
338
到任未久。
339
原来这林如海之祖也曾袭过列侯的,今到如海,业经五世。
340
——起初只袭三世,因当今隆恩盛德,额外加恩,至如海之父又袭了一代。

1
#85loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

1
#84loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

301
只有当日小婿姓甄,今已出家一二年了。
302
不知可是问他?
303
我们也不知什么真假。
304
既是你的女婿,就带了你去面禀太爷便了。
305
大家把封肃推拥而去,封家各各惊慌,不知何事。
306
至二更时分,封肃方回来。
307
众人忙问端的。
308
原来新任太爷姓贾名化,本湖州人氏,曾与女婿旧交。
309
因在我家门首看见娇杏丫头买线,只说女婿移住此间。
310
我将缘故回明,那太爷感伤叹息了一回。
311
又问外孙女儿,我说看灯丢了。
312
不妨,待我差人去,务必找寻回来。
313
说了一回话,临走又送我二两银子。
314
甄家娘子听了,不觉感伤。
315
一夜无话。
316
次日,早有雨村遣人送了两封银子、四匹锦缎,答谢甄家娘子。
317
又一封密书与封肃,托他向甄家娘子要那娇杏作二房。
318
封肃喜得眉开眼笑。
319
巴不得去奉承太爷,便在女儿前一力撺掇。当夜用一乘小轿,便把娇杏送进衙内去了。
320
雨村欢喜自不必言。

1
#83loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

1
#82loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

281
幸而身边还有两个旧日的丫鬟伏侍,主仆三人,日夜作些针线,帮着父亲用度。
282
那封肃虽然每日抱怨,也无可奈何了。
283
这日那甄家的大丫鬟在门前买线,忽听得街上喝道之声。
284
众人都说:新太爷到任了!
285
丫鬟隐在门内看时。
286
只见军牢快手一对一对过去。
287
俄而大轿内抬着一个乌帽猩袍的官府来了。
288
那丫鬟倒发了个怔,自思。
289
这官儿好面善?
290
倒象在那里见过的。
291
于是进入房中,也就丢过不在心上。
292
至晚间正待歇息之时,忽听一片声打的门响。
293
本县太爷的差人来传人问话!
294
封肃听了,唬得目瞪口呆。
295
不知有何祸事
296
且听下回分解。
297
第二回,贾夫人仙逝扬州城,冷子兴演说荣国府。
298
却说封肃听见公差传唤,忙出来陪笑启问。
299
快请出甄爷来。
300
小人姓封,并不姓甄。

1
#81loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

1
#80loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

261
衰草枯杨,曾为歌舞场。
262
蛛丝儿结满雕梁,绿纱今又在蓬窗上。
263
说甚么脂正浓、粉正香,如何两鬓又成霜?
264
昨日黄土陇头埋白骨,今宵红绡帐底卧鸳鸯。
265
金满箱,银满箱,转眼乞丐人皆谤。
266
正叹他人命不长,那知自己归来丧?
267
训有方,保不定日后作强梁。
268
择膏粱,谁承望流落在烟花巷!
269
因嫌纱帽小,致使锁枷扛。
270
昨怜破袄寒,今嫌紫蟒长。
271
乱烘烘,你方唱罢我登场,反认他乡是故乡。
272
甚荒唐,到头来,都是为他人作嫁衣裳。
273
那疯跛道人听了。
274
解得切!
275
走罢。
276
将道人肩上的搭裢抢过来背上,竟不回家,同着疯道人飘飘而去。
277
当下哄动街坊。
278
封氏闻知此信,哭个死去活来。
279
只得与父亲商议,遣人各处访寻,那讨音信?
280
只得依靠着他父母度日。

1
#79loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

1
#78loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

241
可巧这日拄了拐扎挣到街前散散心时。
242
忽见那边来了一个跛足道人,疯狂落拓,麻鞋鹑衣。
243
世人都晓神仙好,惟有功名忘不了。
244
古今将相在何方?荒冢一堆草没了。
245
世人都晓神仙好,只有金银忘不了。
246
终朝只恨聚无多,及到多时眼闭了。
247
世人都晓神仙好,只有娇妻忘不了。
248
君生日日说恩情,君死又随人去了。
249
世人都晓神仙好,只有儿孙忘不了。
250
痴心父母古来多,孝顺子孙谁见了?
251
士隐听了。
252
你满口说些什么?
253
只听见些好了好了。
254
你若果听见好了二字,还算你明白。
255
可知世上万般,好便是了,了便是好。若不了,便不好;若要好,须是了。
256
我这歌儿便叫《好了歌》。
257
士隐本是有夙慧的,一闻此言,心中早已悟彻。
258
因笑道:且住,待我将你这《好了歌》注解出来如何?
259
你就请解。
260
陋室空堂,当年笏满床。

1
#77loejfgigjgldf回复于2019-02

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